By Michael McFaul, Kathryn Stoner-Weiss
This choice of essays is derived from a convention convened at Princeton college marking the ten-year anniversary of the cave in of the Soviet Union. the very best minds in post-Soviet reports all in favour of the duty of deciding on how the post-communist event with transition has proven or confounded traditional theories of political and fiscal improvement. the result's a wealthy array of writings interpreting very important features of the transitional decade following the Soviet cave in and the comparative classes discovered.
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Extra resources for After the Collapse of Communism: Comparative Lessons of Transition
Bearing in mind the issue of national autonomy, the Jews were guaranteed equal political and civil rights and minority schools. However, there was no mention of national autonomy. National autonomy was not universally supported by the Jews. The ultra-orthodox Jews as well as those of National Minorities Issues between the Wars 29 socialist orientation were strongly against it. It is important to point out that the Provisional Government of independent Lithuania was formed on 2 November 1918, under the auspices of the German occupation authorities who demanded the inclusion of the Jewish representatives in the transitional regime, to prevent pogroms and persecution of Jews.
33 Max Soloveichik, Minister without Portfolio for Jewish Affairs, proposed during the Conference on Jewish Autonomy (4 –11 January 1920) that the autonomy should be built from the bottom upwards, starting with the kehilla. 36 With the exception of the schools and co-operative banks, set up to help the economic reconstruction of impoverished Lithuanian Jews, most forms of Jewish religious, social and cultural life occurred outside the official kehilla. 37 First, national minorities were not mentioned per se because it was understood among the members of the Council of the league of Nations that ‘racial’ and ‘ethnic’ labels had the same meaning.
It has to be recognised that the deportation claimed the Lithuanian cultural and political elite as well as workers and peasants, but it also included Jews. 90 In this context it is of interest to point out that, in relative numbers, Jews were the largest community to be deported. 93 Furthermore, religious, social and national organisations were suppressed as well as political movements. 95 This can possibly be understood in the light of the Soviet system being perceived as a lesser evil than the German Reich.