Download Algebra and Tiling: Homomorphisms in the Service of Geometry by Sherman Stein, Sandor Szabó PDF

By Sherman Stein, Sandor Szabó

Frequently questions on tiling area or a polygon result in questions pertaining to algebra. for example, tiling by means of cubes increases questions on finite abelian teams. Tiling via triangles of equivalent parts quickly includes Sperner's lemma from topology and valuations from algebra. the 1st six chapters of Algebra and Tiling shape a self-contained therapy of those themes, starting with Minkowski's conjecture approximately lattice tiling of Euclidean house through unit cubes, and concluding with Laczkowicz's fresh paintings on tiling by means of comparable triangles. The concluding bankruptcy offers a simplified model of Rédei's theorem on finite abelian teams. Algebra and Tiling is available to undergraduate arithmetic majors, as many of the instruments essential to learn the e-book are present in common top point algebra classes, yet academics, researchers mathematicians will locate the ebook both attractive.

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L. Redei, Die neue Theorie der endlichen abelschen Gruppen und Verallgemeinerung des Hauptsatzes von Hajos, Acta Math. Acad. Sei. Hung. 16 (1965), 329-373. 18. R. M. Robinson, Multiple tilings of η-dimensional space by unit cubes, Math. Zeit. 166 (1979), 225-264. 34 ALGEBRA AND TILING 19. T. Schmidt, Uber die Zerlegung des n-dimensionalen Raumes in gitterformig angeordnete Würfeln, Sehr. math. Semin. u. Inst, angew. Math. Univ. Berlin 1 (1933), 186-212. 20. S. K. Stein, Algebraic tiling, Amer. Math.

Robinson [18] characterized all pairs (fc, n) for which there exists a fc-fold τιdimensional lattice cube tiling without twins. His result is: If η < 3, there is no such fc. If η = 4, fc is any integer divisible by the square of an o d d prime. If η = 5, then fc = 3 or fc > 5. If η > 6, then each fc > 2 is possible. Exercise 29. rem. Show that Robinson's result implies Hajos's t h e o - T h e next exercise refutes Furtwängler's conjecture in 6-space. Exercise 30. Let G b e the direct product of two cyclic groups of order 4 and let χ and y be a basis for G, hence x = e = 4 y.

W h a t does a lattice of translates of a unit cube in 3-space look like? l b answer this question, first consider a lattice of translates of a unit square Κ that tiles 2-space. 2 fc For convenience, let Κ be the square whose vertices are (0,0), (1,0), ( 1 , 1 ) , and (0,1). If n o square shares a complete edge with K, then the squares that lie along the right-hand edge or top edge of Κ are arranged as in Figure 11 or Figure 12. 20 ALGEBRA AND TILING x 3 κ (ha) (0,0) FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 In the first case two squares share a complete c o m m o n horizontal edge.

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