Download All the Presidents' Gardens: Madison's Cabbages to Kennedy's by Marta McDowell PDF

By Marta McDowell

"A history-rich and extremely readable account of the way our presidents and their households have left their imprint at the 18 acres surrounding the administrative mansion." —Traditional Home
The White condominium floor were an unwitting witness to history—a backdrop for infantrymen, suffragettes, protestors, and activists. Kings and queens have dined there, debts and treaties were signed, and presidents have landed and retreated. the back and front backyard for the 1st kinfolk, it really is via extension the nation's first backyard. all of the Presidents' Gardens tells the untold heritage of the White condominium Grounds. beginning with the seed-collecting, plant-obsessed George Washington and finishing with Michelle Obama's specialize in edibles, this wealthy and compelling narrative unearths how the tale of the backyard can be the tale of the US. Readers know about Lincoln's goats, Ike's placing eco-friendly, Jackie's iconic roses, Amy Carter's tree residence, and masses extra. additionally they study the vegetation whose want has come and long gone through the years and the gardeners who've been accountable for all of it. totally illustrated with new and historic photos and artwork, refreshingly nonpartisan, and freeing simply in time for election yr, this can be a must-read for someone attracted to the crimson, white, and eco-friendly!

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Additional resources for All the Presidents' Gardens: Madison's Cabbages to Kennedy's Roses, How the White House Grounds Have Grown with America

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This means that the leaf is more able to harvest light in the green section of the spectrum than would be anticipated from the absorption characteristics of the isolated pigments. This broadening is a function of the pigments being associated with membranes and proteins in the leaf, and other minor pigments will be present also. (C) The relative frequencies of different wavelengths of light in varying light sources. These data clearly show that sunlight contains the broadest array of different wavelengths of light, with fluorescent lighting being a poor second.

3 Non-photosynthetic metabolism Leaves of a plant are autotrophic and can make their own carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water. However, tissues that cannot photosynthesize, known as the nonphotosynthetic tissues, are heterotrophic and must rely on the leaves to supply carbohydrate. These heterotrophic tissues are not merely a drain on the plant's resources, because in return they fulfil some other important function; for example, roots provide support and harvest water and minerals from the soil, but to do this they need energy from leaves in the form of carbohydrate.

If it reacts with oxygen, it produces one molecule of 3PGA and one molecule of phosphoglycollate. 3PGA can be metabolized by the Calvin cycle but phosphoglycollate cannot, and poses a problem to the plant. In order to metabolize the phosphoglycollate and recycle as much as possible of the carbon within the molecule, plants possess the photorespiratory pathway, shown here. Even with this pathway, 25% of the carbon in the phosphoglycollate molecule will be lost as carbon dioxide. This is an appreciable loss to plants and photorespiration can be a severe problem in certain environments.

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