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By Maria T. Baldwin

Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the research of overseas non-governmental organisations, saying in international group (2002) that this research presents a clean point of view at the evolution of diplomacy and permits us to reconceptualize sleek international heritage. Baldwin s research takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty foreign has performed a outstanding position in shaping U.S. overseas coverage. Her research finds that the policymaking setting has been, partially, re-shaped by means of the paintings of Amnesty overseas, therefore our figuring out of the policymaking technique will be stronger by means of incorporating stories of INGOs and the importance of soppy energy into our coverage experiences.

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Extra resources for Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China

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It also has a global reach but is not a large organization and is less wellknown despite the importance of its work. There are also a vast array of international governmental organizations (IGOs) and non-profit organizations in operation internationally which work on behalf of human rights. Some of the larger organizations such as UNICEF get the attention of the international community but all of these organizations, large and small, be they INGO, IGO or non-profit make important contributions to the human rights movement through their advocacy work.

Despite such criticism AI has shown consistent growth both in terms of membership and financial resources over the course of its forty-seven year history. 39 However, his concerns diminished over the course of the 1960s as AI’s membership grew and with it AI’s financial resources. 1 million members in 150 countries and territories. 8 million and during this period its financial resources continued to increase. In 1991 its annual budget was set at £12,691,300, by 1996 it had increased to £17,205,000.

This work in the areas affected by human rights violations also created links between AI and the local communities, allowing for an exchange of information that continued after the mission ended. Sometimes these missions resulted in the distributions of funds to the victims of human rights abuse. S. Foreign Policy Perhaps AI’s closest friendly rival in the human rights movement is Human Rights Watch (HRW) founded in 1978 after the Final Act of the Helsinki Conference. ”44 The organization wanted to pressure the United States to take greater action on behalf of human rights and to publicize specific human rights violations in Eastern and Central Europe.

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