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Additional info for An Introduction to International Refugee Law
8 The LN treaties provided only ad hoc protection, which proved ineffective and unsatisfactory. Instead of developing a general definition and the articulation of refugee status and its standardised measure of protection, these treaties directed at case-specific refugee situations, which varied substantially. Consequently, a coherent body of refugee protection principles and normative standard did not emerge during the inter-war era. Evolution in the Post Second World War Era The protection framework of the current international legal regime for refugees emerged as a reaction to a particular set of events occurred at a discrete time and in a specific place.
11 Carlin, n 9 at 6. 12 This interim mandate has subsequently been renewed and broadened successively by numerous resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Economic and Social Council. UNHCR is presently mandated to provide, on a non-political and humanitarian basis, international protection to refugees and to seek permanent solutions for them. This mandate formally injected the element of apolitical and humanitarian considerations in the development of international refugee protection law and practice.
43 In the Yugoslav crisis of forced human displacement as in similar other crises like the Rwandan genocide and Sudanese Darfur forced displacement,44 UN member states continue to determine the levels of protection afforded by the international community and the nature of such protection through their financing of UNHCR operations. The widening scope of refugee protection by UNHCR is dependent on contributions by UN member states. If the massive funding undertakings of refugee protection in the recent years are any guide, states seem to be willing to support the expansion of the conceptualisation of refugee protection to embrace new involuntary displacement-generating circumstances such as IDPs which have outnumbered the cross-border refugees.