By Giorgio Samorini, Rob Montgomery
An Italian ethnobotanist explores the notable propensity of untamed animals to search out and use psychoactive components.
• Throws out behaviorist theories that declare animals haven't any realization.
• deals a totally new figuring out of the function psychedelics play within the improvement of awareness in all species.
• unearths drug use to be a normal intuition.
From caffeine-dependent goats to nectar addicted ants, the animal country deals outstanding examples of untamed animals and bugs searching out and eating the psychoactive elements of their environments. writer Giorgio Samorini explores this little-known phenomenon and means that, faraway from being restrained to people, the need to adventure altered states of attention is a normal force shared via all dwelling beings and that animals interact in those behaviors intentionally. Rejecting the Western cultural assumption that utilizing medications is a damaging motion or the results of an disorder, Samorini opens our eyes to the chance that beings who devour psychedelics--whether people or animals--contribute to the evolution in their species by way of growing totally new styles of habit that at last could be followed by means of different participants of that species. The author's attention-grabbing money owed of mushroom-loving reindeer, intoxicated birds, and drunken elephants make sure that readers won't ever view the animal international in relatively a similar means back.
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Extra info for Animals and Psychedelics: The Natural World and the Instinct to Alter Consciousness
In fact, it would seem that the Siberian peoples discovered its inebriating properties by observing the behavior of the reindeer. ” Squirrels and chipmunks seek out fly agaric as well, nibbling at it and becoming intoxicated. This is probably also true, as we shall see later, of ordinary flies. Other great seekers of the mushroom high are Canadian caribou. During their migrations these animals move in a long, single-file column. When the colony passes a cluster of Amanita muscaria, female adults feed on it greedily.
Perhaps, then, the problem of “problem drugs” is no problem after all. Fortunately science, and not soft thinking, surrounds the relevant disciplines relied upon as background in Animals and Psychedelics. Conclusions may be drawn, but they are always done so at the risk of being drawn out, attenuated by speculative deduction. Here is where Giorgio Samorini does not fail us. He thoroughly presents the most thought-provoking facts, arranging them for our contemplation without surrendering to conclusions.
Before going on to demonstrate the data on the various animals that drug themselves, I would like to pause and examine some of the definitions regarding the complex relationship of animals with drugs. A primary problem concerns the very definition of what is or is not a drug. Such a definition is not precisely formulated in the field of human drugs and becomes even more problematic if we consider the drugs ingested by animals, since defining a given substance as a drug depends on the behavior that the use of the substance induces in a human being or animal.