By Ato Kwamena Onoma
Utilizing comparative situations from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this research explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action via nation officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults take place the place governments instigate them as a result of hyperlinks among a couple of refugees and significant competition teams within the host state. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and think about refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the learn of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent nearly all of refugees even in situations of critical refugee militarization, and gives feedback for broader figuring out of and coverage ideas for refugee politics and violence.
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Extra resources for Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics
Asserting that refugee–host interactions are free of such generalized violence is not to say that relations are free of all violence or that relations are good. As I demonstrate in various chapters later, refugees very often suffer from arbitrary and extrajudicial violence in their lives. State officials, local populations, and even humanitarian agency workers perpetrate such violence. The difference between such violence and that which is the main focus of this book is that it is not aimed at a refugee community as a whole.
Aderanti Adepoju, Alistair Boulton, and Mariah Levin, “Promoting integration through mobility: free movement and the ECOWAS protocol,” New Issues in Refugee Research 150 (December 2007): 1. 2/5/90 on the Implementation of the Third Phase (Right to Establishment). Adepoju, Boulton, and Levin, “Promoting integration,” 4. , 6–7. , 15. Explaining Generalized Anti-Refugee Violence 29 Refugees in East Africa do not fare much better than their counterparts in West Africa even today. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community in Article 104 makes provision for progress toward the “free movement of persons, labor and services” and enjoyment of “rights of establishment” by citizens of the community in all member countries.
In the host countries of Uganda and Guinea, I mostly interviewed former hosts, even though I was also able to speak with a few former refugees. In Uganda my research was concentrated in Ntungamo and Isingiro Districts. My work in Guinea was based in Conakry, Fangamandu, Kondou (Gu´eck´edou Prefecture) and Banie Sub-Prefectures (Yomou Prefecture), and the towns of Gu´eck´edou, Macenta, and N’Z´er´ekor´e. I also made occasional trips to other areas such as Daro in Macenta Prefecture and Lain´e, Kounkan, Boreah, and Kountaya refugee camps.