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The unparalleled significance of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill offers major demanding situations for oil spill responders and people tasked with assessing the affects of the spill. comparing alterations to surroundings services—the merits humans obtain from average assets and processes—caused via the oil spill may extend the capability to catch and cost the complete breadth of affects to the surroundings and the general public. This document assesses the equipment and metrics which may support scientists successfully overview atmosphere prone.

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Extra info for Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)

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In summary, marine habitats are almost never identified and mapped on the basis of a single main criterion. Multiple criteria are applied, producing numerous and often overlapping classifications. While potentially confusing, the reality of nature is that no single factor or even suite of factors consistently controls the biota living across the many gradients encountered in the ocean. One thing is most certain, the more a seemingly homogeneous habitat is studied, the more complex it is shown to be.

Collectively, these benefits are known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are produced as a byproduct of the functioning of the ecosystem—the interactions of plants, animals, and microbes with the environment. The benefits provided by ecosystem services are ubiquitous and immensely valuable to society. , nutrient cycling, primary production, soil formation). These ecosystem services ultimately underpin the well-being of all people. When events occur that interrupt or interfere with the normal functioning of ecosystems, ecosystem services may be impacted, causing both short- and long-term harm to the ecosystem and those dependent upon it.

1). 31 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 1 ETOPO1 Global Relief Model of the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem with inset of the Gulf-Caribbean complex (based on data from Amante and Eakins, 2009). 1-1ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: ProSOURCE: Based on data from Amante, C. andFigure B. W. Eakins, Text editable, mapNESDIS not NGDC-24, 19 pp, March 2009. cedures, Data Sources and Analysis. com/products/fledermaus/). Since the time of this rifting and deepening of the basin (about 180 mya), the GoM has continuously received large amounts of sediment from the surrounding continents with by far the greatest input coming from the central portion of the North American continent.

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